About the City:
The history of the city stretches back over 2000 years. The area first appears as the ancient capital of Kalinga during 4th century BC. Sisupalgarh was a major fort during the ancient period. Bhubaneswar was the center of temple building in the Kalinga style from 4th to 13th century. During the middle ages famous temples like Lingaraj, Rajarani, Mukteswar and Parsurameswar etc were built in Bhubaneswar. The Somavamsi and Kesari Kings were the main builders of the prominent and historical structures of Bhubaneswar. The Gangas were responsible for promoting Vaisnavism in Odisha. During their rule a predominantly Saiva city engulfed Vishnu worship. Shiva temples accepted Vaisnavism practices and names.
During the Second World War Bhubaneswar was a station for the British- Indian military. The capital of Odisha province was shifted to Bhubaneswar from Cuttack in the year 1948, just after India gained its independence from the British. Otto H. Konigsberg, a German architect, was invited to plan the new city of Bhubaneswar. On 13th April 1948, the new city of Bhubaneswar was officially declared as the new capital of Odisha. Just like Jamshedpur and Chandigarh, Bhubaneswar also planned to provide new and improved amenities to its people.
Most part of the modern city was a part of the Chandaka wildlife park. Forest was cleared to create the city. Now also wild elephants from Chandaka Wild Life Sanctuary enter the city area to recapture their lost land.
Being the capital city Bhubaneswar houses the provincial parliament Called Odisha Legislative Assembly and the state head quarters called the Secretariat. The Chief Ministers of the province along with other Ministers stay and operate from Bhubaneswar. Except the Odisha High Court and the Police Head quarters all other major offices of the province have shifted from Cuttack to Bhubaneswar.
Regional offices and the local head offices of most of the banks are situated in Bhubaneswar. The Government has allotted land to many corporate houses to establish their offices. The city also has many local head offices of Government of India Departments like Income-Tax, Customs, Central Excise, etc.
Bhubaneswar is a major educational hub of Eastern India. It has three Government Universities and three private Universities. It has centers of educational excellence like IIT for engineering and AIIMS for health sciences. It has many centers for fundamental research like Institute of Physics, Institute of Life sciences, Institute for Minerals and Materials Technology. It has four Medical colleges, dozens of Engineering and Management colleges besides numerous under graduate and graduate colleges.
Bhubaneswar is a major health care hub for Odisha and India. AIIMS tops the list with its large facilities for treatment at lowest cost. It also has special centers serving the International community on Cancer treatment. It houses major health care centers like Apollo and AMRI. It has specialist hospitals in the private sectors for treatment of heart, kidney, etc.
Detail information about the health care providers is available in the Directory page under health care.WITH DIRECTORY LINK.
Places to visit: Bhubaneswar is an important tourist destination with its numerous temples, parks, archaeological sites, museums.
Moving Around: Bhubaneswar being a plant city has wide roads with good greenery all around. The city roads are comparatively clean. One can move around the city in a bicycle. Its also possible to have a low cost ride with the shared three wheelers. There are plenty of town buses managed by private players and the municipality connecting important pockets of the city.
Things to do:
One can visit the beautiful parks and hills within and around the city. The old town with its numerous temples of middle ages and the traditional culture is worth experiencing. One can walk around the old town area to see the temples, ponds and springs.
Visiting the parks Bhubaneswar has a numerous well maintained parks. At any time of a day the parks of Bhubaneswar are crowded and few of them are also romantic destinations.
Visiting the hills There are many hills to visit here in the capital city and it is quite exciting to explore the natures scenic beauty. The nearest ones are Khandagiri and Sikharchandi.
Visiting the old temples and Archaeological sites Bhubaneswar, also popularly known as the temple city has hundreds of old temples to visit and walk around. It has archaeological sites from the seventh century BC onwards, with the oldest being Sisupalgarh. It is worth experiencing and feeling the old times in these monumental places.
Visiting the ponds and springs Bhubaneswar has beautiful springs and ponds. Only before a decade water from the springs in the old town area was exported to various cities for its healing qualities. It is worth walking around these water bodies.
Walking around the old city The old city of Bhubaneswar still maintains old architecture and town plan. It has its own aroma of Hindu worshipping. The priests have their traditional dresses. It will be an experience to walk around the city and old area and feel the traditional and religious culture.
Visiting the zoo Nandankanan Zoo is established in a natural forest area and still maintains its natural environment. The zoo is home to about 1660 individual animals representing 166 species, including 67 species of mammals, 81 species of birds, and 18 species of reptiles. Nandankanan is famous for itswhite tigerpopulation and is home to over 34 white tigers. There are also many endangered species such as the Asiatic lion, three Indian crocodilians, Sangal lion-tailed macaque, Nilgiri langur, Indian pangolin, mouse deer and countless birds, reptiles and fish have been breeding successfully at Nandankanan. The zoo includes 34 aquaria which are home to a large variety of fresh water fish. The Reptile Park's cave-like entrance is guarded by a life size Tyrannosaurus rex replica. It also houses numerous species of crocodiles, lizards, turtles, and snakes. This zoo enjoys a good reputation internationally for successfully breeding black panthers, gharials, and white tigers in captivity. The animal lovers can spend a great time here.
Boating To get away from daily routines of life you can enjoy a mesmerizing experience of boating in Bhubaneswar. One can try it in Nandankanan Botanical garden, Ekamra Kanan, BDA Nicco Park.
Taking a river walk Kuakhai and Daya are the major rivers of Bhubaneswar. One can walk or cycle on its embankments to breathe fresh air.
Visiting malls Malls of Bhubaneswar are the most favorite hangout places for the youth.
Enjoying the latest releases at movie theatres and multiplex Visiting the cinema halls or the INOX multiplex can be a great fun here at Bhubaneswar. The multiplex is over-crowded every weekend here in the capital city. At INOX the tickets have been priced between Rs 80 to Rs 250 per person depending upon the time and weekdays. The seats are divided into three categories. Lowest is the executive, then Club and Royale class is the highest.
Get Exposed to Odissi dance with the masters Odissi is a popular classical dance form internationally. Bhubaneswar has a number of master teachers who practiced and teach Odissi. One can get exposed to the dance form with the great Gurus. Illeana Citaristi the award winning Italian dancer and Masaka Ono the Japanese dancer was mastered the art of fusion have their studios in Bhubaneswar.
Visiting the museum and art galleries Bhubaneswar has many museums and art galleries to visit. Some of them are Odisha State museum, Museum of Tribal arts and artifacts, Odisha modern art gallery, Lalit Kala Academy and Regional museum of Natural History.
Tasting the sweet delicacies and street food Street food of Bhubaneswar is becoming more attractive with the passage of time. The favorite street food of the city is Dahivada-aloodum, jalebi, bara-guguni. The city has many sweet shops and a sweet venue at Pahala. If you are coming in or going out of Bhubaneswar do not forget to stop at the region of Pahala on NH 5 which is a very famous sweet destination for serving its hot and fresh delicacies like Pahala Chena Poda Pahala Rasogola.
Exploring the Nightlife The capital city also has caught up in the late night parties and DJs. Some of the famous nightlife destinations here in Bhubaneswar are Baron Baroness at Mayfair lagoon, Desire at Pal heights, Rob Roy at Swosti Premium, Xstacy lounge, Downing Street at Mayfair, and many more. Recently a few dance bars have also come up in Bhubaneswar to make the nights sensuous and musical.
Exploring authentic Odia food Bhubaneswar has many restaurants serving typical Odia cuisine. The number of hotels is on the rise. Typical Odia food is neither heavily spiced like North Indian food nor very hot like South Indian food. It is mostly boiled food with rich aroma. It also has many healthy rice flour based pan-cakes for breakfast and dinner. A typical Odia dish called dalma is a boiled curry of vegetables and lentils is very nutritious and simple.
Bird Watching Bhubaneswar is rich place for bird watchers. One can see hundreds of parrots visiting the city in summer to enjoy the ripened fruits or watch the migratory birds at Ekamra Kanan. One can also watch hundreds of dancing peacocks at Deuliapatana hills and on the borders of Chandaka forest.
Learning to chisel on stone The city is proud of beautiful old sculptures as there are hundreds of studios onto stone carving. Many a master artists run their workshops in the city. One can experience chiseling in the millennium city and go back in time to the temple building period.
Shopping handloom garments and textile products Odisha has a very old tradition of making handloom garments. It has been exporting precious garment for more than two thousand years. Many a materials and designs are still archaic. One can have the pleasure of shopping handloom clothes from various markets like Market Building Unit- II, Rajmahal square or Janpath.